Psychodynamic and insight therapies aim to help clients become aware of and experience their vulnerable feelings, which have been pushed out of conscious awareness.
The Psychodynamic approach states that everyone has an unconscious which holds and harbors painful and vulnerable feelings which are too difficult for the person to be consciously aware of. In order to keep painful feelings, memories, and experiences in the unconscious, people tend to develop defense mechanisms, such as denial, repression, rationalization, and others. According to Psychodynamic theory, these defenses cause more harm than good and that once the vulnerable or painful feelings are processed the defense mechanisms reduce or resolve.
There are several core principles of Psychodynamic Therapy, and the emphasis rests on the examination and resolution of inner conflicts. Additionally, this type of therapy assists the client in gaining a perspective of pure insight in order to recognize the character traits, actions, responses, and behaviors that will be transformed.